Saqifah is significant for being the site where, after the Islamic prophet Muhammad died, some of Muhammad's companions gathered and pledged allegiance to Abu Bakr. No one from Muhammad's family was present at the event, and Ali ibn Abi Talibwho Shia Muslims believe had been declared the successor to Muhammad at the event of Ghadir Khummwas performing Muhammad's funeral rites when the event occurred. Background Shortly before his death, Muhammad called all the Muslims who had accompanied him on the final Hajj pilgrimage to gather around at a place known as Ghadir Khumm. Muhammad gave a long sermon, part of which states:
Major religious divisions[ edit ] The lands and cities of the Dar al-Islam in the 10th century, according to the geographer al-Muqaddasi Dar al-Islam[ edit ] Dar al-Islam Arabic: It is the area of the world under the rule of Islam, literally, "the home of Islam.
Most Dar al-Islam areas are surrounded by other Islamic societies to ensure public protection. This means that if a Muslim practices Islam freely in his place of abode, even though that place happens to be secular or un-Islamic, then he will be considered as living in the Dar al-Islam.
Yet, the majority opinion, which relies on tradition, claims that only countries ruled by Sharia can be considered true "abodes of peace.
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The term appears in the Quran in The country should be ruled by a Muslim government. Dar al-Harb[ edit ] Dar al-Harb Arabic: Dar al-Harb is a term classically referring to those countries which do not have a treaty of nonaggression or peace with Muslims those that do are called Dar al-'Ahd or Dar al-Sulh.
This is because Islamic countries have joined the United Nations covenant that stipulates relationship between nations is peace and not war. Had Allah wished, He would have imposed them upon you, and then they would have surely fought you.
So if they keep out of your way and do not fight you, and offer you peace, then Allah does not allow you any course [of action] against them.We also delve into the origins of the Shia movement, as well as its impact on history. Saqifah: A Sunni View The Shia oftentimes portray the incident of Saqifah as a sordid affair in which Abu Bakr supposedly skipped out on the Prophet’s funeral in order to greedily crown himself the Caliph of the Ummah.
Significance of Saqifah The name of the house is used as shorthand for the event, or the gathering, which was a crucial turning point in the history of Islam. On the day Muhammad died (June 8, CE), the Medinan Muslim or " Ansar " gathered in the Saqifah to discuss the future and leadership of .
The Saqifah Debate and its Impact on Islamic Division Martin Bernstein Muhammad ibn â AbdullÄ h, known simply as Muhammad, was born in CE. Muslims consider him to be the last prophet of Allah, the Muslim God, and he is largely responsible for the founding and spread of Islam.
In classical Islamic law, the major division are dar al-islam (lit. territory of Islam), denoting regions where Islamic law prevails, dar al-sulh (lit. territory of treaty) denoting non-Islamic lands which have concluded an armistice with a Muslim government, and dar al-harb (lit.
territory of war), denoting adjoining non-Islamic lands whose rulers are called upon to accept Islam.
If this is the case, then the Muslim must admit that the divisions within Islam are sinful. But, such is the nature of humanity - to divide and set ourselves against one another. 1. Glasse, Cyril, The Concise Encyclopedia of Islam, San Francisco: Harper & Row, , p.
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