It is based on the ground of a variety of causes running the gamut of economic pressures, greed, security, power, prestige, religion, and many other effective measures that can be taken given the circumstances. Arguments about the roots and virtue of imperialism can be put into four basic groups.
Cultural Imperialism or Rescue? The collection of the Imperial Hotel, Janpath, New Delhi, reproduced by kind permission of the hotel. Click on all the images here for larger pictures. The self-immolation of recently bereaved wives on their husbands' funeral pyres confronted the British in India with central questions about the obligations of the colonizer to the colonized, respect for other cultures, and questions of gender that had important implications for British women.
In India, Imperialism and india essay individuals who sacrificed themselves in this way were called satis, from the Sanskrit word for "a good woman," by association with the goddess Sati. In Hindu mythology, Sati is the wife of Shiva, and she immolates herself in protest against her father's lack of respect for her husband.
In one telling, her faithfulness is such that she feels no pain from the fire. Of course, since Siva himself is immortal, no version of the myth ever really fits the ritual as it developed see Hawley, Introduction, More analogous to it, perhaps, were the self-immolations of the Rajput women of Rajasthan, who in earlier times chose this way of preserving their and their husbands' honour when their menfolk went off to battle.
But here again there were great differences.
These women's husbands, too, were not yet dead, and a jauhar, as the preemptive act was called, was a communal one involving children, the sick and the elderly as well. Still, like Sati, both the Rajput wives of olden days and the satis were seen to demonstrate the extreme of wifely devotion.
Suttee or "widow-burning," as the British called it, became a subject of much concern to the new administrators. As time went by, it acquired a peculiar resonance for them, and for those in the home country as well. As well as raising uncomfortable and challenging issues about the role and duties of the British in India, it called into question the self-abnegation expected of women in Britain itself, prompting some reflections on the very nature of service and self-sacrifice, especially in the colonial context.
Today, thanks largely to the Kolkata-born cultural theorist Gayatri Spivak, it has again become a hot topic among postcolonial and feminist critics.
Background Suttee could not just be abolished overnight. As its association with myth suggests, it was deeply rooted in the culture. It goes back to ancient times among various peoples, with instances recorded among the Thracians, Malaysians and others.
An early account of its enactment by Indian widows appears in the Greek historian Diodorus, where it is dated as occurring in BC Yule and Burnell Besides noting its connection with the goddess Sati, the Victorians held various theories about it.
The most sympathetic was that it started from "the voluntary sacrifice of a widow, inconsolable for the loss of her husband But some saw cruelty in it from the start, suggesting that it arose from "a dread on the part of the chiefs of the country, in olden time, that their principal wives, who alone were in possession of their confidence, and knew where their money was concealed, might secretly attempt their life, in order at once to establish their own freedom, and become possessed of the [i.
Whatever the origin, other ideas had gathered around the practice — for example, that those who chose to die in this way not only displayed wifely virtue at the time, but would continue to serve their husbands in the afterlife; and, still more curiously to western observers, that the woman's action would expiate the sins of her husband's family.
Such ideas had produced a cult predicated on suttee's "magical efficacy," as one social historian puts it Weinberger-Thomasbut at the same time left the custom open to abuse.Linguistic Roots of Imperialism.
The original meaning of imperialism was a simple one: "imperial government," that is, empire in the classical sense (such as existed in ancient Rome, China, and Greece). In more recent times, imperialism has become synonymous with western hegemony in Africa and Asia from the 18th through the 20th centuries and with the spreading cultural influence of the United.
Take a deep breath and repeat after us: A girl walks into a cave and an empire trembles. It might seem scandalous to reduce E.M. Forster 's A Passage to India, a complex and multi-faceted work considered one of the greatest novels of the 20th century, to such a concise r-bridal.com we humbly offer up this mantra as our homage to Forster's novel, as a passage into his Passage to India.
The Age of Imperialism: An online History. This history unit covers United States expansionism around the turn of the century, with many links to related sites. Imperialism - in India and China Imperialism is the domination of a weaker country by a stronger country.
For instance Britain dominated India and China in the mid s to the/5(1). Imperialism in India Essays: Over , Imperialism in India Essays, Imperialism in India Term Papers, Imperialism in India Research Paper, Book Reports. ESSAYS, term and research papers available for UNLIMITED access.
1•Oceans are an important source of food in Japan. •Terrace farming is used in many parts of China. • Irrigation systems are widely used in India.