The more obvious cultural differences that exist between people are language, dress and traditions, there are also significant variations in the way societies organize themselves, such as in their shared conception of moralityreligious belief, and in the ways they interact with their environment.
Entering a High or Low Context Situation The general terms "high context" and "low context" popularized by Edward Hall are used to describe broad-brush cultural differences between societies. High context refers to societies or groups where people have close connections over a long period of time.
Many aspects of cultural behavior are not made explicit because most members know what to do and what to think from years of interaction with each other. Your family is probably an example of a high context environment.
Low context refers to societies where people tend to have many connections but of shorter duration Cultural difference for some specific reason.
In these societies, cultural behavior and beliefs may need to be spelled out explicitly so that those coming into the cultural environment know how to behave.
Decisions and activities focus around personal face-to-face relationships, often around a central person who has authority.
Small religious congregations, a Cultural difference with friends, family gatherings, expensive gourmet restaurants and neighborhood restaurants with a regular clientele, undergraduate on-campus friendships, regular pick-up games, hosting a friend in your home overnight. Low Context Rule oriented, people play by external rules More knowledge is codified, public, external, and accessible.
Sequencing, separation--of time, of space, of activities, of relationships More interpersonal connections of shorter duration Knowledge is more often transferable Task-centered.
Decisions and activities focus around what needs to be done, division of responsibilities. While these terms are sometimes useful in describing some aspects of a culture, one can never say a culture is "high" or "low" because societies all contain both modes.
Ways that High and Low Context Differ The Structure of Relationships Dense, intersecting networks and longterm relationships, strong boundaries, relationship more important than task Low: Loose, wide networks, shorter term, compartmentalized relationships, task more important than relationship Main Type of Cultural Knowledge High: More knowledge is below the waterline --implicit, patterns that are not fully conscious, hard to explain even if you are a member of that culture Low: Low contexts are relatively easy to enter if you are an outsider because the environment contains much of the information you need to participate, and because can you form relationships fairly soon, and because the important thing is accomplishing a task rather than feeling your way into a relationship.
Remember that every culture and every situation has its high and low aspects. Often one situation will contain an inner high context core and an outer low context ring for those who are less involved. For instance, a PTA is usually a low context situation: However, if this is a small town, perhaps the people who run the PTA all know each other very well and have many overlapping interests.
They may "agree" on what should be discussed or what should happen without ever really talking about it, they have unconscious, unexpressed values that influence their decisions. Other parents from outside may not understand how decisions are actually being made.
So the PTA is still low context, but it has a high context subgroup that is in turn part of a high context small town society.
It is still a high context culture and you are just alasignorant. Also, even low context cultures can be difficult to learn: The point is that that information has been made conscious, systematic, and available to those who have the resources to learn it.Through Cultural Navigator, you will be able to: Understand your cultural preferences and how they impact your work Identify potential cultural challenges and strategies for addressing them Collaborate more effectively with colleagues and clients in other cultures Interact with an extensive and experienced group of Subject Matter Experts Follow step-by-step Learning Paths that guide you to.
Hutu vs Tutsi The ethnic history of Rwanda is very complicated. Rwanda has witnessed several social structures. Tutsi was a thriving aristocracy in Rwanda many years ago.
Hutus were wealthy class of people and resembled the aristocrat Tutsi class. Germans while making a census of the Rwanda- Burundi area found that a. r-bridal.com Theory, Culture & Society DOI: / Theory Culture Society ; 7; Arjun Appadurai Disjuncture and Difference in the.
The general terms "high context" and "low context" (popularized by Edward Hall) are used to describe broad-brush cultural differences between societies.
This material is also available in a PDF format: Cultural diversity: Suggestions for families and educators Suggestions for families.
Parenting across cultures can sometimes be challenging, especially when the values and expectations of one culture are different to those from another.
Typical Examples of cultural differences The perception is different and often selective: Expressions are differentiated according their importance: for the Inuits (Eskimos) snow is part of their everyday life, therefore many words (e. g. over 10 substantives) exist to describe it.